This project is about measuring and analyzing the radar cross section (RCS) of different types of targets. RCS is the measure of a target's ability to reflect energy back in the direction of the radar receiver, i.e. it is a measure of the ratio of backscatter power per steradian (unit solid angle) in the direction of the radar (from the target) to the power density that is intercepted by the target.
When electromagnetic waves in incident on a target energy is scattered in all directions. The special distribution of the scattered energy depends on many factors such as the target geometry, material composition, operating frequency, polarization of the incident wave and so on.